#Life Mental health Mental Illness mental illnesses

Mental Health: A Guide To Understanding A-little About Mental Illnesses

There’s many different conditions that are recognized as mental illnesses. Down below are the more common types… welcome to a way to understanding mental illnesses.

What is Mental Illness? Mental illnesses are conditions that affects a person’s thinking, mood, feeling, behavior, such as depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, or schizophrenia. Such conditions may be occasional or long-term and long-lasting (chronic) and affect someone’s ability to relate to others and function each day.

It is when someone lacks the ability to manage day to day tasks and/or control their behavior so that basic physical and emotional needs are threatened or unmet.

What is Mental Health? Mental health includes our emotional, our social well being, and psychological. It affects how we think, feel, and act. It also helps determine how we handle stress, relate to others, and to make healthy choices. Your mental health is important at every stage of life from childhood and adolescence through adulthood.

Even though the terms are regularly used interchangeably, poor mental health and mental illness are not the same things. A person can experience very poor mental health and even be diagnosed with a mental illness. Otherwise, a person diagnosed with a mental illness can experience periods of physical, mental well-being, and social well-being.

Why is mental health very important for overall health?

Physical and mental health are both equally important elements of overall health. Mental illness such as depression, increases the risk for many types of physical health problems, particularly long-lasting conditions like stroke, heart disease, and type 2 diabetes. Equivalently, the presence of chronic conditions can most definitely increase the risk for mental illness.

Can your mental health change?

Yes, your mental health can change overtime yes… most definitely. It’s important to remember that a person’s mental health can in fact change over time, depending on many factors. When the commands placed on a person exceed their resources and their coping abilities, their mental health could be a testimony. It could be impacted.

If you have a mental health condition, you’re not alone. 1 in 5 U.S. adults experiences some form of mental illness in any given year. Across America, 1 in 25 adults is living with a serious mental health condition such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or long-term recurring major depression.

Just as with other serious illnesses, mental illness is not your fault or that of that of the people around you, but the widespread of misunderstandings about mental illness still remains. Sadly. Many people don’t seek treatment or remain unaware that they’re symptoms could be connected to a mental health condition. Some people expect a person with a serious mental illness to look visibly different from others, and they might tell someone who does not “look ill” to “get over it” through willpower. These misconceptions add to the challenges of living with a mental health condition.

Every year people overcome the challenges of mental illness to do things that they enjoy doing. Through developing and following a treatment plan, you can suddenly reduce many of your symptoms. People with mental health conditions, can and actually do pursue higher education, succeed in their careers, and have relationships and friends. Mental illness can slow us down sometimes, but we don’t have to let it stop us right?!

How common are mental illnesses?

Mental illnesses are one of the most common health conditions in the United States.

  • 1 in 5 Americans will experience a mental illness in any given year.
  • More than 50% will be diagnosed with a mental illness or disorder at some time in their lifetime.
  • 1 in 25 Americans lives with a serious mental illness, such as schizophrenia, major depression, and bipolar disorder.
  • 1 in 5 children, either currently or at some time during their life, have had a seriously weakening mental illness.

Facts about mental illness:

  • Has nothing to do with a person’s intelligence
  • It can happen to anyone and at any point in life
  • Should not be confused with terms psychopath or sociopath
  • Chronic but it is not contagious
  • Not all mentally ill are dangerous
  • It’s no one’s fault, but it is okay
  • All mental illnesses are manageable
  • All mental illnesses are treatable
  • Mental illness can strike anyone. It knows no age limit, it does not matter your race, or your economic status.

Mental illnesses isn’t a result of a personal weakness, nor is it a choice. It’s not because of lack of character, or poor upbringing. These disorders can affect persons of any age, sex, race, religion, or income.

Why should you care?

Understanding of mental issues brings awareness to our community and our surrounding environment. Doing that… we’ll become a society that’s accepting of others who don’t fit your idea of a perfect population.

What is depression (major depressive disorder)?

Depression (Major Depressive Disorder or clinical depression) is a common but very serious mood disorder. It causes very severe symptoms that affect how you think, feel, and handle life experiences/daily activities, such as eating, sleeping, or working. In order to be diagnosed with depression, symptoms must be present for at least 2 weeks.

There’s some symptoms of depression that are slightly different, or they may develop under some unique situations, such as:

Persistent depressive disorder

Also called dysthymia, is a depressed mood that lasts for at least 2 years. Someone diagnosed with persistent depressive disorder may have episodes of major depression along with periods of very less symptoms, but the symptoms must last at least 2 years in order to be considered persistent depressive disorder.

Postpartum Depression

Postpartum depression is way more serious than just “the baby blues” ( relatively mild depressive and anxiety symptoms that typically clear within 2 weeks after delivery) that most women experience like right after giving birth. Most women with postpartum depression experience full-blown major depression during pregnancy or after delivery. (Postpartum depression). The feelings of extreme sadness, exhaustion, and anxiety that accompany postpartum depression may make it difficult for the new mothers to complete daily activities for themselves and/or for their babies.

Psychotic Depression

Psychotic depression occurs when a person has severe depression plus some form of psychosis, such as having disturbing false fixed beliefs (delusions) or hearing or seeing upsetting things that others can’t see or hear (hallucinations). Psychotic symptoms typically have a depressive “theme” such as delusions of poverty, guilt, or illness.

Seasonal Affective Disorder

Seasonal affective disorder is characterized by the onset of depression during the winter months, when their is less natural sunlight. During the spring this depression generally lifts, typically accompanied by increased sleep, social withdrawal, weight gain, predictably returns every year in seasonal affective disorder.

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is very different from depression, but it is included in the list is because someone with bipolar disorder experiences episodes of extremely low moods that meet the criteria for major depression. (Called “bipolar depression” ). But someone with bipolar disorder also experience extreme high- euphoria or irritable- moods called “mania” or a less severe form that’s called “hypomania.”

Risk Factors:

Depression is one of the most common mental disorders in the U.S. Recent research suggests that depression is caused by a mixture of genetics, biological, environmental, and psychological factors.

Depression can happen at anytime in your life. Depression can happen at any age, but it often begins in adulthood. Depression is now recognized as occurring in children and adolescents, even though it sometimes presents with more prominent irritability than low mood. Many chronic mood and anxiety disorders in adults usually begin as high levels of anxiety in children.

With older adults, and other serious medical conditions such as cancer, diabetes, and heart disease… these conditions are often worsened when depression is present. Sometimes the medications you take for these physical illnesses may cause side effects that contribute to depression. A doctor that’s experienced in treating these illnesses can help work out the best strategies.

Risk factors include:

  • Certain physical illnesses and medications
  • Personal or family history of depression
  • Major life changes, trauma, or stress

Also… medical conditions (e.g., thyroid problems, a brain tumor or vitamin deficiency) can mimic many symptoms of depression, so it’s very important to rule out general medical causes.

Depression can strike at anytime, no matter your lifestyle, no matter what color you are on the outside, and it does not matter what age you are…. anyone is vulnerable. Anyone can be a victim. Anyone.

You could be the richest man/woman on earth and still be a victim of depression, bipolar disorder, major depression… or any other mental illness. Mental illnesses does not discriminate.


What is bipolar disorder?

Bipolar disorders are disorders that causes changes in a person’s mood, energy and ability to function. Bipolar disorder is a category that includes 3 different conditions— bipolar I, bipolar II, and cyclothymic disorder. People with bipolar disorders have extreme and intense emotional states that occur at distinct times, called mood episodes. These mood episodes are categorized as manic, hypomanic or depressive. Most people with bipolar disorders generally have periods of normal mood as well. But bipolar disorders can be treated, and people with these illnesses can live and lead full and productive lives.

Bipolar can cause dramatic mood swings. During a manic episode, people with bipolar I disorder may feel very high and on top of the world, or uncomfortably irritable and “revved up.” While experiencing depressive episode they may feel sad and hopeless. There are regularly periods of normal moods in between these episodes. When a person has a manic episode, that’s when a person is diagnosed with bipolar I disorder.


Manic Episode

  • A manic episode is a period of at least one week when a person is very high spirited or very irritable in a extreme way most of the day… for most days. Has more energy than the usual, and experience at least 3 of the following, showing a change in behavior…
  • Talking more than usual, talking very quick and loudly
  • Doing many activities at the same time, doing so many different tasks in one day than can be done
  • Uncontrollable racing thoughts, or quickly changing topics or ideas
  • Very easily distracted
  • Risky increased behavior (e.g., spending sprees, or reckless driving, careless behavior)
  • Exaggerated self-esteem or grandiosity
  • Less need of sleep

Symptoms are severe enough to cause dysfunction and issues with your job, your work, family… or social activities, as well as responsibilities. The changes are significant and very clear to friends and family. Symptoms of a manic episode may require a person to get hospital treatment/care to stay safe. The ordinary age for a first manic episode is 18, but it can start at anytime from childhood to later adulthood. You just never know. It just happens!

Hypomanic Episode

A hypomanic episode is the same to a manic episode (above) but the symptoms aren’t as severe and only last for about 4 days in a row. Hypomanic symptoms doesn’t lead to the major problems that manic often causes and the person can function.

Major depressive Episode

Major depressive episodes is a period of 2 weeks in which the person has at least five of the following (including one of the first two)….

  • Feeling worthless or guilty
  • Sleep problems— or sleeping to little or sleeping to much
  • Feeling very restless or agitated (e.g., slow hand-writing) pacing, slowed conversation, or movements
  • Difficulty concentrating, like remembering decisions
  • Appetite changes, (increase or decrease)

Bipolar disorder can disrupt a person’s life and relationship with others…. particularly with maybe a spouse, family members, and make it difficult in working or going to school. Most people with bipolar I often have other mental disorders such as adhd ( attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, an anxiety disorder or substance use disorder. People with bipolar disorder is at a significantly higher risk of suicide among the general population.

Bipolar II

Bipolar II disorder includes a person having at least one major depressive and also at least one hypomanic episode. (above) People return to usual function in between episodes. It can be severe, so many people with bipolar II often first seek treatment because of depressive symptoms.

People with bipolar II regularly have other co-occurring mental illnesses such as an anxiety disorder or substance use disorder. But there is treatments. Seek treatment. Each treatment is different and each treatment is individualized.

Cyclothymic Disorder

Cyclothymic disorder is a much milder form of bipolar disorder including many mood swings, with hypomania and depressive symptoms that occur very often and fairly constantly. Those with cyclothymia experience emotional ups and downs, but with more less severe symptoms than bipolar I or II.

Cyclothymic disorder symptoms includes the following:

  • While in the 2 year period, the symptoms (mood swings) have lasted half the time and have never stopped for more than 2 months
  • For at least 2 years, many periods of hypomanic and depressive symptoms but the symptoms do not meet the criteria for hypomanic or depressive episode.

Treatment for Cyclothymic disorder can involve medications and talk therapy. For many, talk therapy can help with the stresses of ongoing high and low moods. People with cyclothymia may start and stop treatment overtime.

Risk Factors:

Scientists are studying the possible causes of bipolar disorder. Many agree that there’s no actual single cause. On second thought, it’s likely that many factors contribute to the illness or increase risk.

Brain Structure And Functioning:

There’s some studies that show how the brains of those people with bipolar disorder may differ from the brains of other people with mental disorders, or healthy people. Learning more and more about these differences, right along with new information from genetic studies, really helps scientists to better understand bipolar disorder and predict which types of treatments will act work most effectively.

Genetics:

There’s some research that suggests that some people with certain genes are more likely to develop bipolar disorder than others. Now, genes are not the only risk factor for bipolar disorder. Studies of identical twins has shown that even if one twin develops bipolar disorder, the other twin doesn’t always develop the disorder, despite the fact that the twins share all the same genes.

Family History:

Bipolar disorder, most times run in the family. Kids with a parent or a sibling who has bipolar disorder are more likely to develop the condition, compared with kids who don’t have a family history of bipolar disorder. But, however, it’s important to note that most people who have a history of bipolar disorder will not develop the illness.


Anxiety disorder

Anxiety disorder is a normal reaction to stress and can be beneficial in some situations. It can alert us to dangers and help us prepare and to pay attention.

Anxiety disorder

Anxiety disorder differ from normal feelings of nervousness or anxiousness and involve excessive fear or anxiety. Anxiety disorders are the most common disorder of mental disorders and affect more than 25 million Americans. But anxiety disorders are treatable and a number of effective treatments are available. Treatment helps most people to lead and live normal productive lives.

How common are Anxiety Disorder?

In any given year the estimated percent of U.S. adults with various anxiety disorders are:

  • 1 to 2 percent: separation anxiety disorder
  • 2 percent: generalized anxiety disorder
  • 2 percent: agoraphobia
  • 2 to 3 percent: panic disorder
  • 7 percent: social anxiety disorder
  • 7 to 9 percent: specific phobia

Women are more likely than men to experience anxiety disorders.

Anxiety refers to anticipation of a future concern and is more associated with muscle tension and avoidance behavior. Fear is an emotional response to an immediate threat and is more associated with a fight or flight reaction— either staying to fight or leaving to escape danger.

Anxiety disorder can cause people into trying to avoid situations that trigger or even worsen their symptoms. School work, job performance, and personal relationships can be affected.

In general, for a person to be diagnosed with an anxiety disorder, the fear or anxiety must:

  • Prevent your ability to function normally
  • Be out of proportion to the situation or age inappropriate

There’s several types of anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, specific phobia, agoraphobia, social anxiety disorder and separation anxiety disorder.


Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Generalized anxiety disorder includes persistent and excessive worry that interferes with your daily activities. This ongoing worry and tension may be accompanied by physical symptoms such as restlessness, easily fatigued, feeling on the edge, problems concentrating, muscle tension, or problems sleeping. Most times the worries comes from everyday things such as job responsibilities, family health, or minor things such as chores, appointments, or even car repairs.

Panic Disorder

The center symptom of panic disorder is recurrent panic attacks, an overwhelming combination of physical and psychological distress. During an attack, many of these symptoms occur in combination:

  • Trembling or shaking
  • Chest pain
  • Feelings of shortness of breath or smothering sensations
  • Sweating
  • Pounding heart, rapid heart rate, or palpitations
  • Feeling dizzy, faint, or light-headed
  • Feeling of choking
  • Chills or hot flashes
  • Feeling detached
  • Numbness or tingling
  • Nausea or abdominal pain
  • Fear of dying
  • Fear of losing control

Some symptoms can really be severe, so, because symptoms can be so severe many people who experience a panic attack may believe they’re having a heart attack or another life-threatening illness and they may go to the emergency room (ER). Panic attacks may be expected, such as a response to a feared item, or unexpected, apparently occurring for no reason at all. Most ages around 22-23 is the age for onset pain attacks. Panic attacks may occur with other mental illnesses such as major depression or ptsd.

Phobias, Specific Phobia

An specific phobia is an excessive and persistent fear of a specific object, or item, situation or activity that’s generally not at all harmful. Patients know they’re fear is excessive, but it’s like they can’t overcome it. All these fears cause such distress that some people go to the extreme distances to avoid what they fear. Examples are… fear of flying on an airplane, fear of spiders (which I don’t like spiders either) or fear of heights.

Agoraphobia

Agoraphobia is the fear of being in certain situations where escaping maybe so difficult or even embarrassing, help might not be available in the event of this panic manifestations. The fear can be out of proportion to the actual situation and lasts as long as 6 months or more and causes many problems in functioning. Someone with agoraphobia experiences this fear in 2 or more of the following:

  • Being outside the home (your home) alone
  • Being in enclosed rooms
  • Being in open rooms
  • Using public transportation
  • Standing in a line or being in crowded rooms, or spaces

An individual actively avoids the circumstances, the situations, includes a companion or endures with intense fear of anxiety. Agoraphobia untreated, can become very serious, very severe, that a person may be unable to even leave their house. The only way a person can be diagnosed with agoraphobia is if the fear is intensely upsetting, or if it significantly interferes with your everyday life, your normal daily routines.

Social anxiety disorder

Someone with social anxiety disorder has significant anxiety and discomfort about being embarrassed, rejected, humiliated, or looked down on in most social interactions. Those with this disorder try to avoid the situation or endure it with great anxiety. Well known examples are extreme fear of public speaking, eating/drinking or meeting new people in public. These fears or anxiety causes a lot of problems with daily functioning and lasts at least 6 months.

Separation Anxiety Disorder

A person with separation anxiety disorder is excessively fearful or anxious about separation from those with whom he or she is attached to. The feeling is beyond what is actually appropriate for a person’s age, persists (at least 4 weeks in children and 6 months in adults) and it causes problems with functioning. Someone with separation anxiety disorders be persistently worried about losing love ones closest to he or she, may be reluctant or refuse to go out or to sleep away from their home or without that person, or may experience bad nightmares about the separation. Physical symptoms of distress regularly develop in childhood, but symptoms can carry on through adulthood.

Risk Factors:

Researchers to this day are finding that genetics and environmental factors contribute to the risk of developing an anxiety disorder. Even though the risk factors for each type of anxiety disorder can vary, some general risk factors for all type of anxiety disorders include:

  • Some physical health conditions such as thyroids problems or heart arrhythmias, or caffeine or other substances/medications can aggravate or produce anxiety symptoms; an evaluation, a physical health examination is very helpful to diagnosed anxiety disorder.
  • A history of anxiety or other mental illnesses in biological relatives
  • Exposure to stressful and/or negative life or environmental events in early childhood or adulthood


Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a chronic and a severe, mental disorder that affects how a person thinks, behaves, and feel. People with schizophrenia may seem as if they’ve lost their touch with reality. Even though schizophrenia isn’t as common as other mental disorders, the symptoms can be very difficult and disabling.

The symptoms of schizophrenia usually start between the ages of 16 and 30. In more rare cases, children have schizophrenia too. The symptoms of schizophrenia fall into 3 categories: positive, negative, and cognitive.

Positive Symptoms:

“Positive” symptoms are psychotic behaviors not generally seen in very healthy people. Those with positive symptoms may “lose touch” with some aspects of reality. Those symptoms include:


  • Hallucinations
  • Delusions
  • Movement disorders (agitated body movements)
  • Thought disorders (unusual or dysfunctional ways of thinking)

Negative symptoms:

“Negative” symptoms are linked with disruptions to normal emotions and behaviors. Symptoms include:

  • Decreased speaking
  • Decreased feelings of pleasure in everyday life
  • Difficulty starting and sustaining activities
  • “Flat affect” (decreased expression of emotions via facial expression or your voice tone)

Cognitive Symptoms:

For most patients, those cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia are subtle, but for others, they are more severe and patients may notice changes in their memory, or other aspects of thinking. Symptoms include:

  • Problems with “working memory” (the ability to use details immediately after learning it)
  • Problems focusing or paying attention
  • Poor “executive functioning” (the ability to understand information and use it to make life decisions

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a disorder marked by an ongoing pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with development, or functioning.

Hyperactivity:

Hyperactivity means a person seems to constantly move about, including in situations in which it is not appropriate; or fidgets excessively, talks, or taps. In adults, it could be extreme restlessness, or wearing others out with constant activity.

Impulsivity:

Impulsivity means a person makes hasty actions that occur in that moment, without first thinking about them and that may have a high potential for harm, or a desire for immediate rewards or inability to delay fulfillment. An impulsive person may be socially intrusive and excessively interrupts others or make important decisions without considering the long-term repercussions.

Inattention:

Inattention means a person wanders off duties, tasks, they lack persistence, and has difficulty sustaining focus, and is very disorganized; and these problems are not due to defiance or lack of comprehension.

Risk Factors

There’s so many risk factors that can contribute to the risk of developing schizophrenia.

Genes and environment:

Scientists have for a long time known that schizophrenia sometimes, most times, run in families. However, there’s many people who have schizophrenia that doesn’t have not one family member with the disorder and conversely, there’s many people with one or more family members with the disorder who doesn’t develop it themselves. Scientists also think that interactions between genes and aspects of an individual’s environment are necessary for schizophrenia to develop. Some environmental factors may include:

  • Malnutrition before birth
  • Exposure to viruses
  • Problems during birth
  • Psychosocial factors

Different brain chemistry and structure:

Scientists think that an imbalance in the complex, interrelated chemical reactions of the brain involving the neurotransmitters (substances that cells use to communicate with each other) dopamine and glutamate, and possibly others, plays a big role in schizophrenia.

The brain also undergoes major changes during puberty, and these changes could trigger psychotic symptoms in who those who are vulnerable due to genetics or brain differences.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD):

Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disorder that develops in people who’ve experienced s shocking scary, or dangerous event.

It’s natural to feel afraid during and after a very dramatic situation. Fear triggers many split-second changes in the body to help defend against danger or to avoid it. This “fight-or-flight” response is a typical reaction that’s meant to protect a person from harm. Mostly anyone will experience a range of reactions after trauma, yet most people recover from initial symptoms naturally. Those who continue to experience problems may be diagnosed with PTSD. Those people who have PTSD may feel stressed or very frightened, even they’re not in danger.

Most with PTSD but not all traumatized people experience short-term symptoms, majority don’t develop ongoing (chronic) PTSD. Not everyone with PTSD has been through a dangerous event. Some experiences, like the sudden, unexpected death of a loved one, can also cause PTSD. The symptoms usually begin early, within 3 months of the traumatic incident, but sometimes they begin many years afterwards. Those symptoms must last more than a month and be severe enough to interfere with relationships, or your work to be considered PTSD. The course of the illness varies. Some people recover within 6 months, while others have symptoms that last much much longer. In some people, the condition becomes very chronic.

A doctor who’s experiences with helping people with mental illnesses, such as a psychiatrist or psychologist, can diagnose PTSD. To be diagnosed with PTSD, an adult must experience or have all of the following for at least 1 month:

  • At least one avoidance symptom
  • At least 2 arousal and reactivity symptom
  • At least one re-experiencing symptom
  • At least 2 cognition and mood symptom

Re-experiencing Symptoms Include:

  • Frightening thoughts
  • Bad dreams
  • Flashbacks— reliving the trauma over and over again, including physical symptoms like sweating, or racing heart)

Re-experiencing symptoms may cause many problems in a person’s everyday life/everyday routine. Symptoms can start from the person’s very own thoughts and feelings. Words, situations, or objects that are reminders of the event can also trigger re-experiencing symptoms.

Avoidance Symptoms Include:

  • Avoiding thoughts or feelings related to the traumatic even
  • Staying away from places, events, or objects that are reminders of the traumatic experience

Places and things that reminds a person of the traumatic event can trigger avoidance symptoms. These symptoms may cause a person to change his or her routine. Example… after a very bad car accident, the person who usually drives may avoid driving or riding in car now.

Arousal And Reactivity Symptoms Include:

  • Having angry outbursts
  • Having difficulty sleeping
  • Being easily startled
  • Feeling very tense or “on edge”

Arousal symptoms are usually constant, instead of being triggered by things that remind one of the traumatic events. These symptoms can the person feel so stressed out and angry. These symptoms can make it very hard to do daily tasks, such as eating, concentrating, or sleeping.

Cognition And Mood Symptom Include:

  • Loss of interest in enjoyable activities
  • Distorted feelings like blame or guilt
  • Trouble remembering key features of the traumatic event
  • Negative thoughts about oneself or the world

Cognition and mood symptoms can begin or even worsen after a traumatic event, but are not due to injury or substance abuse. These symptoms can make a person feel alienated or detached from family members, or friends.

It’s natural to have some of these symptoms for a few weeks after a dangerous event. Now, when the symptoms last over a month, seriously affect one’s ability to function, and are not due to substance use, medical condition, or anything except the event itself, they may be PTSD. Some people with PTSD do not show any symptoms for weeks, or even months. PTSD regularly accompanied by depression, substance abuse, or one or more of the other anxiety disorders.

Do Kids React Differently Than Adults?

Teens and kids can have extreme reactions to trauma, but some symptoms may not be the same as adults. Symptoms are sometimes seen in very young children ( less than 6 years old), these symptoms can include:

  • Wetting the bed even after learning to use the toilet
  • Acting out the scary event during playtime
  • Forgetting how to or being unable to talk
  • Being unusually clingy with a parent or another adult

Teens and older children are more likely to show symptoms similar to the ones seen in adults. They may also develop disruptive, disrespectful, or destructive behaviors. Teens and older children may feel very guilty for not preventing injury or deaths. Sometimes, they have thoughts of revenge.

Risk Factors

Anyone can develop PTSD at any time, at any age. And last but not least…. it can happen to any race! This includes children, war veterans, doctors, celebrities, and people who’ve been through a physical or sexual assault, abuse, accident, disaster, or many other serious events. Women are more likely to develop PTSD than men, and genes might make some people more likely to develop PTSD than others. According to the National Center for PTSD, about 7 or 8 out of every 100 people will experience PTSD at some point in their lives.

Mental illnesses are health conditions including changes in mood, emotions, thinking or behavior ( or a combination of all). Mental illnesses are associated with distress and/or problems functioning in social, work, or even family activities. Mental illnesses are treatable. Mental illness take many forms. Some are mild and only interfere in limited ways with daily life. Other mental illnesses are very severe and require a person to stay in the hospital for care.

Having a mental illness isn’t easy at all, it interferes in your world whether you’re prepared or not. You have no choice when it comes to a mental illness. Mental illnesses are real and can be severe. That’s why seeking/getting treatment is so important!

It’s important for people to understand what mental illnesses are, the symptoms, and to understand that it’s real. Understand it can happen to anybody, no matter their lifestyle, or age. Take time to learn about mental illnesses. Understand that people with a mental illness, didn’t choose to be that way. We all have feelings too!

There’s many more mental illnesses that’s not added… there’s many more. I just named the most common ones. Believe me, it’s real. But they are all treatable just like cancer, diabetes, or heart disease. Mental illnesses are real and severe just like physical illnesses.

Learn mental illnesses before you judge them. Learn mental illnesses before you overlook them. They are all so very real!!

Mental illnesses can be very painful just like cancer, they’re just as severe. Understand someone with a mental illness, understand it’s not their fault. Understand that, that person didn’t ask for their illness/illnesses. Being judgmental doesn’t help it at all. It causes people with mental illnesses to be ashamed and/or embarrassed, and that’s not good because it stops them for seeking the help and treatment that they need.

If you’re struggling with a mental illness, don’t be embarrassed. You are not alone. A person with cancer has to receive treatment for their symptoms and pain right? For their physical health, well your mental health is just as important. Don’t give up!

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